Vanessa James discusses discrimination in the workplace on the grounds of protected characteristics such as disability, race, gender or religion. There way in which people discriminate in the modern workplace is becoming increasingly difficult to detect. Because of the social ramifications of people being considered sexist or racist people almost cannot admit to themselves when they have been discriminatory towards somebody on the grounds of either sex, race or any of the other protected characteristics. Historically when the legislation first came in the 70’s, there were many cases where people had pieces of evidence which demonstrated over discrimination. Cases included use of the email system to send jokes that were racially offensive or offensive on the grounds of sexuality, disability or otherwise. Now, the types of cases which are commonly in front of the tribunal concern selection. This entails selection for new posts from external candidates, selection for redundancy, internal promotions and opportunities. When people are undertaking those internal processes, as they won’t admit to themselves whether they are making judgements based on a protected characteristic (sex, race, disability), it is all the more difficult for the tribunal to make judgements on the grounds that somebody has discriminated.