Employment injury benefit schemes, providing benefits in cash and in kind in cases of work-related accidents and occupational disease, constitute the oldest branch of social security in many countries. The ILO has estimated that, worldwide, more than 2.3 million people die from work-related accidents or diseases each year. Employment injuries and work-related diseases cause the deaths of 6,300 workers per day around the world.
With support from the ILO, the Government of Tanzania established the Workers Compensation Fund in July 2015, providing access to employment injury insurance to 2 million formal sector workers. The ILO provides guidance on international standards and more practically supports the scheme with management training and IT support. Further, the ILO has so far trained more than 300 medical practitioners throughout the country, enabling the social security fund to fulfill its role.